Pey-Marin Vineyards Winemaking
Our winemaking philosophy is based in our firm belief that fine wines are first made in the vineyard. By this we mean that crafting great wines requires superb quality grapes - which can only come from unique, well-tended vineyards. We want to capture the intensity that comes from these vineyard sites, but in a balanced fashion so that our wines enhance, not overpower the meal or occasion.
In the Vineyard
We encourage cover crops and add organic matter to naturally replenish the soil with nitrogen and increase diversity of flora and fauna while preventing erosion. These cover crops also reduce need for fumigation and support beneficial insects for pest management; they help conserve water and soil, creating the basis for sustained production and fine quality wines. We encourage the proliferation of natural predators to control vine pests and rodents. We reduce insect pests, powdery mildew and bunch rot through leaf removal and canopy management. Character and balance in the grapes are enhanced by improved sunlight and air penetration. Last, we crop thin and remove shoots to naturally control vigor and limit yield per vine, increasing flavors and aromas.
In the Cellar
While we believe the finest wines are "made in the vineyard" through proper farming activities, our cellar techniques are critical to ensure the diligence exercised in our vineyards does not go to waste.
For starters, and to ensure the finest quality, we hand prune and hand-harvest every vineyard we work. We also hand-sort the grapes in the vineyard by culling inferior bunches. When our grapes arrive at the winery they are carefully weighed and sorted by hand (again). These steps may seem trivial, but the vast majority of wines produced around the world never see such expensive luxuries.
Pey-Marin Riesling sees three gentle presses, and we keep only the first two. After that we have a very slow cool ferment which captures aromatics. Our Riesling sees no oak or malolactic fermentation, thus preserving the true flavor of its provenance.
Pey-Marin Pinot Noir grapes are hand-sorted and usually fully destemmed. We allow some whole berries as it adds a freshness we like. These freshly-picked grapes are left to rest for a few days as a “cold soak” before fermentation begins. Once dry and in barrel, we do very little to the wine – just let it rest and top it frequently. Pinot Noir demands a deft touch.
We use only French barrels and for most wines, use them judiciously. We want the grape and vineyard flavors to be in balance with the toasty French oak.
Pey-Marin wines are fined (clarified) with organic egg whites, are bottled unfiltered and thus may throw a harmless deposit.